Classification of plant electrophysiology signals for detection of spider mites infestation in tomatoes
Najdenovska Elena, Dutoit Fabien, Tran Daniel, Plummer Carole, Wallbridge Nigel, Camps Cédric, Raileanu Laura Elena
Applied Sciences, 2021, vol. 11, no. 4, article no. 1414
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Herbivorous arthropods, such as spider mites, are one of the major causes of annual crop losses. They are usually hard to spot before a severe infestation takes place. When feeding, these insects cause external perturbation that triggers changes in the underlying physiological process of a plant, which are expressed by a generation of distinct variations of electrical potential. Therefore, plant electrophysiology data portray information of the plant state. Analyses involving machine learning techniques applied to plant electrical response triggered by spider mite infestation have not been previously reported. This study investigates plant electrophysiological signals recorded from 12 commercial tomatoes plants contaminated with spider mites and proposes a workflow based on Gradient Boosted Tree algorithm for an automated differentiation of the plant’s normal state from the stressed state caused by infestation. The classification model built using the signal samples recorded during daylight and employing a reduced feature subset performs with an accuracy of 80% in identifying the plant’s stressed state. Furthermore, the Hjorth complexity encloses the most relevant information for discrimination of the plant status. The obtained findings open novel access towards automated detection of insect infestation in greenhouse crops and, consequently, more optimal prevention and treatment approaches.